What is Rosacea and How to Manage It: A Guide for Patients In Kanpur

What is Rosacea and How to Manage It: A Guide for Patients In Kanpur

Rosacea is a skin condition that causes redness on your face. The most common places to find rosacea symptoms include your nose, cheeks, and forehead. Rosacea can flare throughout your life and usually starts after the age of 30 years. Medicines, creams, and lotions help you to reduce symptoms.

What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a common inflammatory skin condition that causes redness on your face or other parts of your body, including your eyes. Different kinds of conditions can cause pimples and swelling on your skin. This is a lifelong problem without a cure.

What are the types of Rosacea?

Four different types of rosacea include:

1. Erythematotelangiectatic

Rosacea disease is persistent and causes facial redness with enlarged and visible blood vessels. This type of flares, where symptoms come and go unexpectedly.

2. Papulopustular

Pus-or fluid-filled pimples form on your skin. Your skin could swell, and its symptoms are similar to acne.

3. Phymatous

Symptoms cause your skin to swell and thicken. Your skin could be bumpy, and it most often affects your nose. Symptoms could make your nose look bulbous.

4. Ocular

Rosacea can affect your eyes, causing them to feel irritated, bloodshot, or watery. Your eyes are very sensitive to light, and painful bumps can form on your eyelids.

How common is Rosacea, and who does Rosacea affect?

Rosacea affects more than 14 million people. It can affect anyone, but it most often affects people who have fair skin and women and people assigned females at birth. Symptoms usually arise after age 30. The condition can affect children and adolescents, but it’s infrequent. You’re more likely to have rosacea if someone in your family has the disease.


Studies suggest that men and people assigned male at birth have more severe symptoms as a result of delaying treatment until the condition becomes advanced.

Signs of Rosacea

Rosacea’s disease appearance can vary significantly from one person to another. Most of the time, not all of the potential signs will appear. Rosacea always includes at least one of the primary signs such as:

1. Flushing

Many people who have rosacea have a history of frequent blushing called flushing. Facial redness, which might come and go, is the earliest sign of the skin problem.

2. Persistent redness

Persistent facial redness might resemble a blush or sunburn that doesn’t go away easily.

3. Bumps and Pimple

Small, solid bumps, and red, or pus-filled pimples often develop on your skin. Sometimes, the spots might resemble acne, but rosacea doesn’t cause blackheads. Burning or stinging might be present.

4. Visible blood vessels

Small blood vessels that look thin and red lines become visible on your skin.

Symptoms of Rosacea

In addition to signs of rosacea, symptoms of rosacea disease include:

1. Eye Irritation

Your eyes might be irritated and appear bloodshot or watery. This condition can cause severe redness and swelling of your eyelids. Severe cases of rosacea, if left untreated, it can result in cornea damage and vision loss.

2. Burning or Stinging

Burning or stinging sensations might occur on your face, and itchiness or tightness might also develop.

3. Dry Appearance

Your central facial skin might be rough and appear to be very dry.

4. Plaques

Raised red patches that look like a rash might develop without changes to your surrounding skin.

5. Skin Thickening

In some cases of rosacea, your skin might thicken and enlarge, resulting in a problem called rhinophyma. This problem occurs on your nose, causing it to have a bulbous appearance.

6. Swelling

Facial swelling can occur independently or can accompany other signs of rosacea as well.

Where do symptoms of rosacea affect your body?

Symptoms of rosacea can affect various different parts of your body, including your:


  • Nose
  • Cheeks
  • Chin
  • Forehead
  • Eyes
  • Chest
  • Ears
  • Neck
  • Scalp

Causes of Rosacea

The cause of Rosacea is still unknown. Studies suggest rosacea disease could be a symptom of:


  • A condition that affects your nervous system, immune system, and blood vessels.


  • Microscopic skin mites: Your body has a natural, microscopic might that lives on your nose and cheeks. Having too many of these mites causes symptoms of rosacea disease.


  • An infection: The Pylori bacteria can cause an infection. Studies suggest that people who have this infection can develop rosacea.

A protein malfunctioning: The cathelicidin protein protects skin from infection. If the protein isn’t working as it should, you’ll experience rosacea symptoms.

Diagnosis of Rosacea

To diagnose rosacea, your provider will conduct a thorough exam, and you should tell your provider about any problems you’re having with your skin. There’s no specific test to diagnose rosacea. Your provider might recommend your visit to a dermatologist specializing in skin conditions.

Treatment of Rosacea

Treatment of rosacea disease varies for each person and focuses on relieving or reducing symptoms and preventing them from getting worse. Treatment options for rosacea could include:

1. Medicines

There are several kinds of oral and topical medicines to treat bumps, pimples, and redness caused by rosacea. Therapy helps you manage your symptoms and reduce the number of flares.

2. Laser Treatment

Best skin specialist in Kanpur uses lasers to remove visible blood vessels and limit the amount of redness on your skin.

3. Surgical Procedures

For severe cases of rosacea, your provider might recommend surgery to correct nose disfigurement that can happen with rhinophyma.

How to prevent rosacea?

Since the cause of the rosacea is unknown, you can’t prevent the condition. However, you can reduce your risk of having a rosacea flare by identifying and avoiding things in your environment that trigger your rosacea symptoms.


Always use caution when going outside and exposing your skin to the sun’s UV rays. Sunlight can trigger rosacea symptoms, and sun damage can make it difficult for your skin to heal after a flare. Wear a proper amount of sunscreen daily and reapply sunscreen often throughout the day. You can also wear UV-protective clothing and accessories to protect your skin from the sunlight.

A Note from the Dermatologist in Kanpur

Rosacea is a harmless skin condition that often causes redness on your face. Some people who are diagnosed with this condition benefit from talking with a mental health professional if they have concerns about their self-esteem and emotional well-being based on how symptoms affect their appearance. The dermatologist in Kanpur will help you find treatment options to reduce flares and help you feel better.

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